Catalog-based Forecast Evaluation

This example shows how to evaluate a catalog-based forecasting using the Number test. This test is the simplest of the evaluations.

  1. Define forecast properties (time horizon, spatial region, etc).

  2. Access catalog from ComCat

  3. Filter catalog to be consistent with the forecast properties

  4. Apply catalog-based number test to catalog

  5. Visualize results for catalog-based forecast

Load required libraries

Most of the core functionality can be imported from the top-level csep package. Utilities are available from the csep.utils subpackage.

import csep
from csep.core import regions, catalog_evaluations
from csep.utils import datasets, time_utils

Define start and end times of forecast

Forecasts should define a time horizon in which they are valid. The choice is flexible for catalog-based forecasts, because the catalogs can be filtered to accommodate multiple end-times. Conceptually, these should be separate forecasts.

Define spatial and magnitude regions

Before we can compute the bin-wise rates we need to define a spatial region and a set of magnitude bin edges. The magnitude bin edges # are the lower bound (inclusive) except for the last bin, which is treated as extending to infinity. We can bind these # to the forecast object. This can also be done by passing them as keyword arguments into csep.load_catalog_forecast().

# Magnitude bins properties
min_mw = 4.95
max_mw = 8.95
dmw = 0.1

# Create space and magnitude regions. The forecast is already filtered in space and magnitude
magnitudes = regions.magnitude_bins(min_mw, max_mw, dmw)
region = regions.california_relm_region()

# Bind region information to the forecast (this will be used for binning of the catalogs)
space_magnitude_region = regions.create_space_magnitude_region(region, magnitudes)

Load catalog forecast

To reduce the file size of this example, we’ve already filtered the catalogs to the appropriate magnitudes and spatial locations. The original forecast was computed for 1 year following the start date, so we still need to filter the catalog in time. We can do this by passing a list of filtering arguments to the forecast or updating the class.

By default, the forecast loads catalogs on-demand, so the filters are applied as the catalog loads. On-demand means that until we loop over the forecast in some capacity, none of the catalogs are actually loaded.

More fine-grain control and optimizations can be achieved by creating a csep.core.forecasts.CatalogForecast directly.

forecast = csep.load_catalog_forecast(datasets.ucerf3_ascii_format_landers_fname,
                                      start_time = start_time, end_time = end_time,
                                      region = space_magnitude_region,
                                      apply_filters = True)

# Assign filters to forecast
forecast.filters = [f'origin_time >= {forecast.start_epoch}', f'origin_time < {forecast.end_epoch}']

Obtain evaluation catalog from ComCat

The csep.core.forecasts.CatalogForecast provides a method to compute the expected number of events in spatial cells. This requires a region with magnitude information.

We need to filter the ComCat catalog to be consistent with the forecast. This can be done either through the ComCat API or using catalog filtering strings. Here we’ll use the ComCat API to make the data access quicker for this example. We still need to filter the observed catalog in space though.

# Obtain Comcat catalog and filter to region.
comcat_catalog = csep.query_comcat(start_time, end_time, min_magnitude=forecast.min_magnitude)

# Filter observed catalog using the same region as the forecast
comcat_catalog = comcat_catalog.filter_spatial(forecast.region)

# Plot the catalog
catalog forecast evaluation
Fetched ComCat catalog in 0.6331155300140381 seconds.

Downloaded catalog from ComCat with following parameters
Start Date: 1992-06-28 12:00:45+00:00
End Date: 1992-07-24 18:14:36.250000+00:00
Min Latitude: 33.901 and Max Latitude: 36.705
Min Longitude: -118.067 and Max Longitude: -116.285
Min Magnitude: 4.95
Found 19 events in the ComCat catalog.

        Name: None

        Start Date: 1992-06-28 12:00:45+00:00
        End Date: 1992-07-24 18:14:36.250000+00:00

        Latitude: (33.901, 36.705)
        Longitude: (-118.067, -116.285)

        Min Mw: 4.95
        Max Mw: 6.3

        Event Count: 19

<GeoAxes: >

Perform number test

We can perform the Number test on the catalog based forecast using the observed catalog we obtained from Comcat.

Processed 1 catalogs in 0.0014452934265136719 seconds
Processed 2 catalogs in 0.0019762516021728516 seconds
Processed 3 catalogs in 0.002453327178955078 seconds
Processed 4 catalogs in 0.0027878284454345703 seconds
Processed 5 catalogs in 0.003081083297729492 seconds
Processed 6 catalogs in 0.0035212039947509766 seconds
Processed 7 catalogs in 0.0038454532623291016 seconds
Processed 8 catalogs in 0.004300832748413086 seconds
Processed 9 catalogs in 0.005533695220947266 seconds
Processed 10 catalogs in 0.005954742431640625 seconds
Processed 20 catalogs in 0.010494470596313477 seconds
Processed 30 catalogs in 0.015250444412231445 seconds
Processed 40 catalogs in 0.0197756290435791 seconds
Processed 50 catalogs in 0.025027990341186523 seconds
Processed 60 catalogs in 0.02937602996826172 seconds
Processed 70 catalogs in 0.033506155014038086 seconds
Processed 80 catalogs in 0.0380549430847168 seconds
Processed 90 catalogs in 0.04288005828857422 seconds
Processed 100 catalogs in 0.04718184471130371 seconds
Processed 200 catalogs in 0.08805274963378906 seconds
Processed 300 catalogs in 0.13360977172851562 seconds
Processed 400 catalogs in 0.1779792308807373 seconds
Processed 500 catalogs in 0.2613561153411865 seconds
Processed 600 catalogs in 0.3046097755432129 seconds
Processed 700 catalogs in 0.3485414981842041 seconds
Processed 800 catalogs in 0.4356551170349121 seconds
Processed 900 catalogs in 0.47794079780578613 seconds
Processed 1000 catalogs in 0.52170729637146 seconds
Processed 2000 catalogs in 1.1474707126617432 seconds
Processed 3000 catalogs in 1.715014934539795 seconds
Processed 4000 catalogs in 2.314103126525879 seconds
Processed 5000 catalogs in 2.8924922943115234 seconds
Processed 6000 catalogs in 3.4658243656158447 seconds
Processed 7000 catalogs in 4.077577590942383 seconds
Processed 8000 catalogs in 4.611785650253296 seconds
Processed 9000 catalogs in 5.256127595901489 seconds
Processed 10000 catalogs in 5.818363904953003 seconds

Plot number test result

We can create a simple visualization of the number test from the evaluation result class.

ax = number_test_result.plot(show=True)
Number Test

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 12.599 seconds)

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