Working with catalog-based forecasts

This example shows some basic interactions with data-based forecasts. We will load in a forecast stored in the CSEP data format, and compute the expected rates on a 0.1° x 0.1° grid covering the state of California. We will plot the expected rates in the spatial cells.

Overview:
  1. Define forecast properties (time horizon, spatial region, etc).

  2. Compute the expected rates in space and magnitude bins

  3. Plot expected rates in the spatial cells

Load required libraries

Most of the core functionality can be imported from the top-level csep package. Utilities are available from the csep.utils subpackage.

import numpy

import csep
from csep.core import regions
from csep.utils import datasets

Load data forecast

PyCSEP contains some basic forecasts that can be used to test of the functionality of the package. This forecast has already been filtered to the California RELM region.

Define spatial and magnitude regions

Before we can compute the bin-wise rates we need to define a spatial region and a set of magnitude bin edges. The magnitude bin edges # are the lower bound (inclusive) except for the last bin, which is treated as extending to infinity. We can bind these # to the forecast object. This can also be done by passing them as keyword arguments into csep.load_catalog_forecast().

# Magnitude bins properties
min_mw = 4.95
max_mw = 8.95
dmw = 0.1

# Create space and magnitude regions
magnitudes = regions.magnitude_bins(min_mw, max_mw, dmw)
region = regions.california_relm_region()

# Bind region information to the forecast (this will be used for binning of the catalogs)
forecast.region = regions.create_space_magnitude_region(region, magnitudes)

Compute spatial event counts

The csep.core.forecasts.CatalogForecast provides a method to compute the expected number of events in spatial cells. This requires a region with magnitude information.

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Plot expected event counts

We can plot the expected event counts the same way that we plot a csep.core.forecasts.GriddedForecast

ax = forecast.expected_rates.plot(plot_args={'clim': [-3.5, 0]}, show=True)
ucerf3-landers

The images holes in the image are due to under-sampling from the forecast.

Quick sanity check

The forecasts were filtered to the spatial region so all events should be binned. We loop through each data in the forecast and count the number of events and compare that with the expected rates. The expected rate is an average in each space-magnitude bin, so we have to multiply this value by the number of catalogs in the forecast.

Total running time of the script: (0 minutes 14.673 seconds)

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